Welcome to the Myth of the 20th Century. The podcast airs on Fridays.
— Brought to you by —
Adam Smith, Hank Oslo, Nick Mason, Hans Lander, and Alex Nicholson
In 1998, the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement was reached between the multiple parties representing factions in Northern Ireland and the Irish and British governments. It granted the principle of self-determination to the residents, recognition of both national identities, and power sharing arrangements between the British and Irish governments. Since the agreement, the so called “Troubles” of low level guerrilla war between IRA and the British military ended, bringing to a close a conflict that had started in 1966.
Today Nick Mason and Hank Oslo give an overview of the IRA’s long standing campaign against the Ulster Loyalist forces, with support from Hans Lander, Alex Nicholson, and Adam Smith.
1530s- Tudor conquest of Ireland
1845-1852- Irish Potato famine
1912- the British government struck a deal with the Irish Party in the British Parliament, allowing for Home Rule
1916- Easter Rising- the British had granted limited Irish autonomy due to WWI, so the IRA launched an invasion, capturing Dublin and proclaiming Ireland independent
1936- On the 18th of June, the IRA was declared illegal in the Irish Free State.
1939- The IRA initiated a bombing campaign in Britain. An explosion in Coventry killed five people.
1943- Sir Basil Brooke became PM of Northern Ireland. He would remain in that position for twenty years.
1945- WWII ends, Winston Churchill criticized Ireland for its neutrality
1969- Battle of Bogside
1970s- British jailing, interment of over 10,000 insurgents
1972- about 100 killed, mostly by sniper attacks, 500 wounded, 1300 bombings in Northern Ireland against British security forces
1981- Libyan dictator Muammar Qadaffi begins active assistance of the IRA
1981- Bobby Sands starves himself to death after hunger strike
1984- Brighton Hotel bombing, narrowly failing to murder British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
1984- Whitey Bulger caught gun smuggling from the United States to Northern Ireland
1991- Downing street mortar attack
1993- IRA commits Bishopsgate bombing in the City of London, causing estimated damage of 1 billion pound sterling
1998- Good Friday / Belfast Agreement reached
– The IRA: A History, Coogan (1994)
– Tom Collins, Jordan (1996)
– Bloody Sunday, Greengrass (2002)
– Hunger, McQueen (2008)
– The Green Book
The Myth Of The 20th Century
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